Effects of Ice Blasting on Some Mechanical Properties of Composite Boards


Hamid Reza Taghiyari1* and Yousef Lotfinejad-Sani1

1Wood Science and Technology Department, Faculty of Civil Engineering,
Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Lavizan, Shanbaloo St., Tehran, Iran

corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Ice-blast (frozen CO2, -78.5°C) is one of modern methods of cleaning for industrial purposes. Effects of ice-blasting were studied here on mechanical properties of plain and laminated medium-density fiberboards (MDF) and particleboard. Modulus of rupture (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) were measured and compared in accordance with the EN 312-4 standard values. Results showed that MOR and MOE of MDF specimens were significantly higher in comparison to those of the particleboard; the higher values were related to the more compression ratio between wood fibers in the MDF-matrix. Ice-blasting did not significantly affect MOR values; however, it significantly decreased MOE values in all treatments. Furthermore, ice-blasting had a negative abrading effect on the surface of both plain and laminated wood-composite boards. It was concluded that ice-blasting cannot be recommended for wood-composite materials as to its abrading effects on the surface of composite boards as well as its decreasing effects on some mechanical properties.



Ice blasting, or dry ice-blasting, is a form of abrasive blasting, where dry ice, the solid form of carbon dioxide, is accelerated in a pressurized air stream and directed at a surface in order to clean it (Taghiyari et al. 2012ab). The method is similar to other forms of abrasive blasting such as sand blasting, plastic bead blasting, or soda blasting but substitutes dry ice as the blasting medium (Taghiyari et al. 2012ab; Dong et al. 2013ab). Dry ice blasting leaves no chemical residue as dry ice sublimates at room temperature. The frigid temperature of the dry ice (109.3°F or -78.5°C) “blasting” against the material to be removed causes it to shrink and loose adhesion from its sub surface. Additionally, when some of dry ice penetrates through the material to be removed, it comes in contact with the underlying surface. The warmer sub surface causes the dry ice to convert back into carbon dioxide gas. The gas has 800 times greater volume and expands behind the material speeding up its removal. Paint, oil, grease, asphalt, tar, decals, soot, dirt, ink, resins, and adhesives are some of the materials removed by this procedure. Only the removed material must be disposed of, as the dry ice sublimes into the atmosphere.. . . . . . . . . .





ASTM. 2009. D1037-99 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials.

BORREGA M, KARENLAMPI PP. 2010. Hygroscopicity of Heat-Treated Norway Spruce (Picea abies) wood. Eur. J. Wood Prod. 68: 233-235 DOI 10.1007/s00107- 0090371-8.

DONG S, SONG B, ZHOU G, LI C, HANSZ B, LIAO H, CODDET C. 2013a. Preparation and corrosion behavior of aluminum coatings by atmospheric plasma spraying and dry-ice blasting. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology 22(7): 1222-29.

DONG S, SONG B, HANSZ B, LIAO H, CODDET C. 2013b. Combination effect of dry-ice blasing and substrate preheating on plasma-sprayed CoNiCrAIY splats. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology 22(1): 61-68.

EN 622-5. Fiberboards specifications – requirements for dry process boards (MDF); 2009.

EN 312-4. Particleboard, Requirements for load-bearing board for use in dry conditions; 2009.

FIGUEROA M, BUSTOS C, DECHENT P, REYES L, CLOUTIER A, GIULIANO M. 2012. Analysis of rheological and thermo-hygro-mechanical behaviour of stress-laminated timber bridge deck in variable environmental conditions. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnologia 14(3): 303-319.

PATI R. 2012. Molecule for electronics: A myriad of opportunities comes with daunting challenges. Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular Nanotechnology 1:1

RUPRECHT H, VACIK H, STEINER H, FRANK G. 2012. ELENA – a methodological approach for the long term monitoring of the natural regeneration of natural forest reserves dominated by Norway-spruce (Vaccinio-Piceetea). Austrian Journal of Forest Science 129(2): 67-105.

SABER R, SHAKOORI Z, SARKAR S, TAVOOSIDANA GH, KHARRAZI SH, GILL P. 2013. Spectroscopic and microscopic analyses of rod-shaped gold nanoparticles interacting with single-stranded DNA oligonucleotides. IET Nanobiotechnology 7(2): 42-49.

SPUR G, UHLMANN E, ELBING F. 1999. Dry-Ice Blasting for Cleaning: Process, Optimizaation, and Application. Wear 133-235: 402-411.

TAGHIYARI HR, RASSAM GH, LOTFINEJAD SANI Y, KARIMI A. 2012a. Effects of Nano-silver Impregnation on some Mechanical Properties of IceBlasted Wood Specimens. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 24(1): 83-88.

TAGHIYARI HR, LAYEGHI M, AMINZADEH LIYAFOOEE F. 2012b. Effects of dry ice on gas permeability of nano-silver-impregnated Populus nigra and Fagus orientalis. IET Nanobiotechnology 6(2): 40-44; Doi: 10.1049/iet.nbt.2011.0048.

TAGHIYARI HR. 2013. Effects of heat-treatment on permeability of untreated and nanosilver-impregnated native hardwoods. Maderas Ciencia y tecnologia 15(2): 183-194 DOI 10.4067/S0718-221X2013005000015.

TAGHIYARI HR, FARAJPOUR BIBALAN O. 2013. Effect of copper nanoparticles on permeability, physical, and mechanical properties of particleboard. European Journal of Wood Products 71(1): 69-77; DOI 10.1007/s00107-012-0644-5.

WILLIAMS SR, FEIST WC. 1999. Selection and Application of Exterior Stains for Wood, 9p., Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, FPL – GTR – 106.

WILLIAMS SR. 2010. Wood Handbook, Wood as an Engineering materials: Chapter 16: Finishing of Wood, 508p., General Technical Report FPL-GTR-190, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory.