MENU

Breastfeeding Practices of Lactating Women in Selected Cities in Metropolitan Manila

Cecile Leah T. Bayaga1*, Marietoni B. Pico1, Jethro Ian G. Belano1,
Demetria C. Bongga1, and Alonzo A. Gabriel2

1Breastmilk Research Laboratory; 2Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Hygiene
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Home Economics
University of the Philippines (UP), Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines

*Corresponding Author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

ABSTRACT

Based on the most recent national nutrition survey from the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI), the number of Filipino children who are being exclusively breastfed slightly declined from 52.3% in 2013 to 48.8% in 2015. Workplace barriers and familial support may influence the decision of exclusive breastfeeding practices. Furthermore, the educational attainment of the mothers may also influence their employment status affecting their decision to breastfeed or not. The aim of this study is to find a correlation among employment status, educational attainment, and civil status of lactating mothers with their practice to conduct exclusive breastfeeding. Twenty-three (23) lactating mothers from Makati, Taguig, and Mandaluyong cities answered a questionnaire identifying their employment status, educational attainment, and if they practiced exclusive breastfeeding or not. Association of the identified factors was measured using Cramer’s V coefficient. Results generated in the study showed a strong relationship between employment status, educational attainment, and civil status with the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. Mothers who did not practice exclusive breastfeeding were found to be those who were employed, married, and with higher educational attainment. Based on the results it is recommended that more means, such as having nursery rooms in the company and allowing flexible working hours for the first two months from maternity leave to working mothers for them to be able to practice exclusive breastfeeding shall be provided. Mothers should also be given more information on how to provide breastmilk to their infants even if they are not at home, such as providing education on storing milk at home. Further studies are also encouraged to look into more factors, which affect breastfeeding practice.

 

 

REFERENCES

Journal Articles
AL-SAHAB B, LANES A, FELDMAN M, TAMIM H. 2010. Prevalence and predictors of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding among Canadian women: a national survey. BMC Pediatr 10(1): 20.
[CDC] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010. Breastfeeding Rates by Duration and Education Level. Atlanta, GA.
CHEKOL DA, BIKS GA, GELAW YA, MELSEW YA. 2017. Exclusive breastfeeding and mothers’ employment status in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study. International Breastfeeding Journal 12(27).
COLODRO-CONDE L, SÁNCHEZ-ROMERA JF, TORNERO-GÓMEZ MJ, PÉREZ-RIQUELME F, POLO-TOMÁS M, ORDOÑANA JR. 2011. Relationship Between Level of Education and Breastfeeding Duration Depends on Social Context: Breastfeeding Trends Over a 40-Year Period in Spain. J Hum Lact 27(3): 272–278.
DEARDEN K, ALTAYE M, DE MAZA I, DE OLIVA M, STONE-JIMENEZ M, MORROW AL, BURKHALTER BR. 2002. Determinants of optimal breast-feeding in peri-urban Guatemala City, Guatemala. Rev Panam Salud Publica 12(3): 185–192.
EKANEM IA, EKANEM AP, ASUQUO A, EYO VO. 2012. Attitude of Working Mothers to Exclusive Breastfeeding in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria. J Food Res 1(2): 71–75.
EL-GILANY AH, SHADY E, HELAL R. 2011. Exclusive breastfeeding in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Breastfeed Med 6(4): 209–213.
RYAN AS, ZHOU W, ARENSBERG MB. 2006. The effect of employment status on breastfeeding in the United States. Women Health Issues 16(5): 243–251.
SETEGN T, BELACHEW T, GERBABA M, DERIBE K, DERIBEW A, BIADGILIGN S. 2012. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practices among mothers in Goba district, south east Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. Int Breastfeed J 7: 1–8.
SJOLIN S, HOFVANDER Y, HILLERVIK C. 1977. Factors related to early termination of breastfeeding a retrospective study in Sweden. Acta Paediatr 66(4): 505–511.
TADDELE M, FENTAHUN N. 2014. Exclusive breastfeeding and maternal employment in Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study. Int J Food Sci Nutr 3(6): 497–503.
Electronic Reference
[CPCRN] Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network. 2017. Eating Habits Questionnaire. Retrieved on 12 Dec 2019 from https://rtips.cancer.gov/rtips/uploads/RTIPS/WHE/DoHHS/NIH/NCI/DCCPS/2211.pdf;jsessionid=0578F3650C3B17AE394CFE74D812B8B4
[FNRI] Food and Nutrition Research Institute. 1988. Weight-for-Height Table for Pregnancy. Taguig City, Philippines.
[FNRI] Food and Nutrition Research Institute. 2016a. The Philippine Nutrition Facts and Figures 2015: Anthropometric Survey. Retrieved on 11 Feb 2020 from http://enutrition.fnri.dost.gov.ph/site/preview.php?xx=%20uploads/2015_ANTHROPOMETRIC_SURVEY.pdf
[FNRI] Food and Nutrition Research Institute. 2016b. The Philippine Nutrition Facts and Figures 2015: Maternal Health and Nutrition and Infant and Young Child Feeding Surveys. Retrieved on 11 Feb 2020 from http://enutrition.fnri.dost.gov.ph/site/preview.php?xx=%20uploads/2015_MATERNAL_AND_IYCF_SURVEY.pdf
[FNRI] Food and Nutrition Research Institute. 2016c. The Philippine Nutrition Facts and Figures 2015: Overview. Retrieved on 11 Feb 2020 from http://enutrition.fnri.dost.gov.ph/site/preview.php?xx=%20uploads/2015_OVERVIEW.pdf
LEON-CAVA N, LUTTER C, ROSS J, MARTIN L. 2002. Quantifying the Benefits of Breastfeeding: A Summary of the Evidence. Retrieved on 07 May 2020 from http://s3.ennonline.net/attachments/421/bobcontents-and-introduction-summary.pdf
MOORE SA. 2017. Physicians Guide to Outpatient Nutrition: Food Habits Questionnaire. Retrieved from https://familydoctor.org/food-habits-survey/
[UNICEF] United Nations Children's Fund. 2015. State of the World’s Children 2015 Executive Summary. New York. Retrieved on 12 Dec 2019 from http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/SOWC_2015_Summary_and_Tables.pdf
[UNDP] United Nations Development Programme. 2019. The 2019 Voluntary National Review of the Philippines. Retrieved on 12 Dec 2019 from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/23366Voluntary_National_Review_2019_Philippines.pdf