Carlo Stephen O. Moneva1,2*, Renato SA. Vega2, Percival P. Sangel2,
Amado A. Angeles2,3, and Merlyn S. Mendioro4
1Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Mathematics,
Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City 9200 Philippines
2Animal Physiology Division, Institute of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences
3Dairy Training and Research Institute, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences
4Genetics and Molecular Biology Division, Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences
University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031 Philippines
This study was conducted to evaluate the genetic variation in the growth hormone (GH) gene and the influence of GH polymorphisms on the milk yield in crossbred Anglo-Nubian goats (n = 101) from three selected dairy farms in the Philippines. The first two farms were located in Barangay Awang, Opol, Misamis Oriental, while the third farm was situated in Barangay Talay, Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental. Milk production data from the first to ≥ fourth parity was standardized to a 90-d and 140-d milking period. Genomic DNA was isolated from hair follicles and the A781G region of the caprine GH gene was amplified. Genotyping was performed via polymerase chain reaction – restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) using the HaeIII restriction enzyme (RE). Genotypic frequencies of 0.76 for AB and 0.24 for AA and allelic frequencies of 0.62 for A and 0.38 for B were recorded. In order to determine the effect of genotypes to milk yield, a two-way factorial (2 x 4) in randomized complete block design (RCBD) was performed. GH genotypes (AA, AB) and goat parities (first to ≥ fourth lactation) were considered as the main factors, while the three farms were used as the blocking factor. Milk yield traits between GH genotypes were insignificant (p > 0.05). However, dairy goats with AB genotype consistently produced higher milk yield than those with AA. Future studies should be conducted in other goat breeds to further expound the effects of GH polymorphism on economically important traits in addition to milk yield.
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