Influence and Total Antioxidant Capacity of Non-enzymatic Antioxidants on the Quality and Integrity of Extended and Cryopreserved Semen of Murrah Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Kimberly I B. Turaja1, Renato SA. Vega1, Thelma A. Saludes2, Abraham G. Tandang2,
Jose Arceo N. Bautista2, Agapita J. Salces2, and Carmelita M. Rebancos3
1Animal Physiology Division, Institute of Animal Science,
College of Agriculture and Food Sciences
2Philippine Carabao Center
3School of Environmental Science and Management
University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031 Philippines
The study compared the effect of non-enzymatic antioxidants on the % motility, livability, and plasma membrane integrity of the cryopreserved sperm from four purebred Murrah bulls aged 10–17 years old. The level of antioxidants was also determined. Experiment 1 was analyzed using 4 x 4 factorial design in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with bulls blocked in four; in Experiment 2, it analyzed the levels of MegaAntiox using PROC ANOVA of SAS software. Results revealed no significant (P > 0.05) difference in post-thaw sperm motility (%) between antioxidants but a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in the post-thaw sperm motility was observed at Week 3. The addition of non-enzymatic antioxidants did not affect (P > 0.05) the live sperm though difference was observed on the livability of sperm cells in different collection weeks. In extended semen, the addition of non-enzymatic antioxidants did not show any significant effect (P > 0.05) on post-thaw sperm motility (%) and livability. After six months of cryopreservation, the addition of vitamin E (one of the non-enzymatic antioxidants) had a negative effect on the post-thaw sperm motility. Livability and PMI were not significantly affected (P > 0.05) by the different treatments. In conclusion, the addition of 0.1 mg/ml non-enzymatic antioxidants did not improve sperm motility (%) and the livability of the sperm.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is a normal physiological process; however, an imbalance between ROS generation, scavenging activity, and uncontrolled production of ROS that exceeds the antioxidant capacity of the seminal plasma will lead to oxidative stress and can damage the sperm membrane integrity, DNA, acrosome, metabolic activity, and fertilizing potential of the sperm (Bansal and Bilaspuri 2010, Tariq et al. 2015). In the stages of freezing and thawing, the endogenous defense system of the buffalo semen is not enough to counter oxidative stress due to low concentration of naturally occurring antioxidants in buffalo semen (Ansari et al. 2012). Sperm viability is also decreased by 50% whereas fertilizing capacity is affected after cryopreservation (Lessard et al. 2000). However, the spermatozoa are provided with protection from oxidative damages with the presence of various antioxidants and antioxidant enzymes in the seminal plasma (Tariq et al. 2015) and buffalo semen is equipped with anti-oxidative stress system consisting of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants (Lone et al. 2016). With this, supplementation of antioxidants in extenders was observed to provide a cryoprotective effect on bull, ram, goat, boar, canine, and human sperm quality and minimize the detrimental effect of ROS as well as improve post-thaw spermatozoa (Amidi 2016). Balance measurement of both ROS and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) is essential in the assessment of oxidative stress in sperm and semen (Kashou 2013). . . . . read more
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