Development of a Senior High School Career Decision Tool Based on Social Cognitive Career Theory

Geleena Gestiada1,2, Allen Nazareno1,*, and Ranzivelle Marianne Roxas-Villanueva1

1Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Physics, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College,
Los Baños, Laguna 4031 Philippines
2Church Among the Palms, INC.- Christian School International, College, Los Baños, Laguna 4031 Philippines

*Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The implementation of the additional two years in the Philippine high school system began in the school year 2016-2017 as part of the K to 12 program of the Department of Education. The two years of senior high school is envisioned to provide ample time to acquire sufficient knowledge and mastery of skills that will prepare students for higher education and future employment. As part of the program, students are set to choose one career track from ten academic strands. With several factors to consider, it may be difficult for a student to select a career path. This study aims to create a tool that will guide students in choosing a particular career track using social cognitive career theory (SCCT) and analytic hierarchy process (AHP). SCCT was used to identify the factors to be considered in career decision making, whereas AHP was used to rank the tracks according to these factors. Pilot testing was done to more than 150 Grade 10 students to evaluate the tool.

The school year 2016-2017 marks the start of senior high school in the Philippines as part of the K to 12 program implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) (Department of Education 2016). There are four career tracks in the program: academics track, arts and design track, sports track, and the technical vocational track. The academics track and the technical vocational track are further divided into sub-tracks or what they refer to as “strands”. Under the academics track, four strands are available: accountancy and business management (ABM); humanities and social sciences (HUMSS); general academic strand (GAS); and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The technical vocational track consists of four strands as well: agri-fishery arts, home economics, industrial arts, and information and communication technology (ICT). Hence, before entering senior high school, students need to select one track from these ten choices. . . . . read more


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