Larval Mosquito Fauna (Diptera: Culicidae) of Salikneta Farm, San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines
Billy Joel M. Almarineza* and Florencia G. Claveriaa,b
aBiology Department, College of Science
De La Salle University, 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines
bDe La Salle AgriVet Sciences Institute, Salikneta Farm
San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines
A survey of the mosquito fauna occurring in Salikneta Farm, San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines was conducted with the primary aim of providing baseline data that may help in coming up with strategies for short-term and long-term vector control. Six species were identified by examination of larval morphology and chaetotaxy, and are reported herein. 340 (62.27%) Culex quinquefasciatus, 50 (9.16%) Cx. mimeticus, 28 (5.13%) Cx. vishnui, 8 (1.47%) Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, 111 (20.33%) Aedes aegypti, and 9 (1.65%) Anopheles tessellatus comprised the 546 third and fourth instar mosquito larvae collected from improvised ovitraps placed in five selected sites in the farm. With the exception of Cx. mimeticus, the species identified in the farm are recognized as medically important taxa with the potential to transmit agents of arboviral and/or parasitic diseases. These findings imply the importance of proper and sustainable vector control measures in Salikneta Farm where human activities and habitation have been gradually increasing as a consequence of ongoing development.
Mosquitoes (Order Diptera: Family Culicidae), classified into two subfamilies Anophelinae and Culicinae, are cosmopolitan insects. A number of members of this very diverse family are considered medically important as vectors of viruses and parasites associated with diseases that have been emerging as a threat in relation to global warming and environmental change (Harbach 2011). Among the diseases in which mosquitoes are implemented as vectors are dengue and yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and filariasis. Asia has been considered by far the most important region in terms of global number of active filarial infections, with about 59 percent of worldwide filariasis cases distributed over 15 countries, which includes the Philippines (Manguin et al. 2010). In the Philippines, 279 species, subspecies and varieties of mosquitoes, some of which are not only of medical but also of veterinary importance, . . . . . . [DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT HERE]
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