Generation of Technical Basis for the Development of Standards for Engineered Bamboo (E-bamboo)


Marina A. Alipon and Rico J. Cabangon
Forest Products Research and Development Institute (FPRDI)
Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
Los Baños, Laguna
corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



The study determined the most important properties of E- Bamboo to ensure that the qualities of said products manufactured in the Philippines are competitive in local and foreign markets. Samples were collected from six (6) local manufacturers of E-bamboo products. Imported E-bamboo flooring acquired from one of the most popular depots in the country was also tested. Similarly, Forest Products Research and Development Institute collected and prepared samples from kauayan tinik (Bambusa blumeana J. A. & J. H. Schultes ) and giant bamboo [Dendrocalamus asper (Schultes f.) Backer ex Heyne] to compare their physical and mechanical properties with those of samples from other sources. Properties of E-bamboo products from the Philippines are comparable to imported E-bamboo and in some cases superior to the latter. Promotion of E-bamboo products must be strengthened because of its potential use as an alternative to wood in the construction industry. Overall performance evaluation of tested samples showed that acceptable minimum standards were as follows: modulus of rupture (MOR) = 95 MPa; modulus of elasticity (MOE) = 13.5 GPa; hardness = 6 kN; shear strength = 1.2 MPa. For moisture content (MC), the maximum value was 10.4%. The technical information from this study can be adopted as a basis in the formulation of a national standard for E-bamboo particularly for floor tiles.



Interest in raw material substitutes to traditional timber has been heightened due to recent total log ban by the Philippine government, increasing population and demand for forest-based products in the country. Bamboo’s characteristics such as fast growth, short harvesting period and strong regeneration make it ideal material to replace wood. . . . . .





ALIPON MA, BONDAD EO. 2008. Strength Grouping of Philippine Timbers for Various Uses. FPRDI Trade Bulletin Series No. 4. ISSN 0117-4045. 51p.

ALIPON MA, BONDAD EO, MORAN MSR. 2009. Effect of Silvicultural Management on the Basic Properties of Bamboo. In: Silvicultural Management of Bamboo in the Philippines and Australia for Shoots and Timber. Proceedings of a Workshop held in Los Baños, the Philippines, 22-23 November 2006. David Midmore (editor). Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). Australian Government. p. 70-93.

ALIPON MA, BONDAD EO, SAPIN GN, EXCONDE AB. 2011. Comparative Properties Evaluation of Giant Bamboo [Dendrocalamus asper (Schultes f.) Backer ex Heyne] from Malaybalay, Bukidnon (Region X) and Mt. Makiling (Region IV). Philippine Forest Products Journal (Jan-Dec) 2: 88-102.

[ASTM] American Society for Testing Materials. 2005. Methods of Testing Small Clear Specimen Timber. ASTM Designation D1037-2012, D143-2009, Standard Test Method for Toughness of Wood-Based Structural Panels D3499-94 (2005). Philadelpia, Pa: American Society for Testting Materials. 65p.

BANZAL AK, PRASAD RNT. 2004. Manufacturing Laminates from Sympodial Bamboos- An Indian Experience. J Bamboo and Rattan Vol 3(1): 13-22.

BELLO ED. 1994. The Moisture Content (MC) Requirements of Wood in Service. Paper prepared for Forum on Wood Seasoning. College, Laguna: Forest Product Research and Development Institute 3p.

[FAO] Food and Agriculture Organization 1980. Guidelines for the Improved Utilization and Marketing of Tropical Wood Species. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 153p.

[INBAR] International Network for Bamboo and Rattan. 2011. Leading Bamboo Products in the Global Trade (2007-2011). Professorial Chair Lecture given by Ramon A. Razal. 18 March 2013; Los Baños, Laguna: University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB)- College of Forestry and Natural Resources (CFNR). 5p. Retrieved from

[ISO] International Standards. 2007. ISO 12465. 10p. Test Methods – Bonding Quality, Part 1. 16p. Bonding Quality-Requirements, Part 2. ISO 12466 – 2. 4p.

[NEDA] National Economic Development Authority. 2006. NEDA-PMS Visits E-kawayan Project. Development Information System. Manila, Philippines: National Economic Development Authority. 15p.

[PNS] Philippine National Standard. 2000. Plywood Specifications. Makati City: Bureau of Products Standards. Department of Trade and Industry. 21p.

RAZAL, RA, DOLOM PC, PALACPAC AB, VILLANUEVA MB, CAMCHO SC, ALIPON MA, BANTAYAN RB, MALAB SC. 2012. Mainstreaming Engineered-Bamboo Products for Construction and Furniture. Los Baños, Laguna: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aqcuatic and Natural Resources Research and Development and Forest Development Center, University of the Philippines Los Baños College of Forestry and Natural Resources. 137p.