Generation of Technical Basis for the Development of Standards for Engineered Bamboo (E-bamboo)
Marina A. Alipon and Rico J. Cabangon
Forest Products Research and Development Institute (FPRDI)
Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
Los Baños, Laguna
The study determined the most important properties of E- Bamboo to ensure that the qualities of said products manufactured in the Philippines are competitive in local and foreign markets. Samples were collected from six (6) local manufacturers of E-bamboo products. Imported E-bamboo flooring acquired from one of the most popular depots in the country was also tested. Similarly, Forest Products Research and Development Institute collected and prepared samples from kauayan tinik (Bambusa blumeana J. A. & J. H. Schultes ) and giant bamboo [Dendrocalamus asper (Schultes f.) Backer ex Heyne] to compare their physical and mechanical properties with those of samples from other sources. Properties of E-bamboo products from the Philippines are comparable to imported E-bamboo and in some cases superior to the latter. Promotion of E-bamboo products must be strengthened because of its potential use as an alternative to wood in the construction industry. Overall performance evaluation of tested samples showed that acceptable minimum standards were as follows: modulus of rupture (MOR) = 95 MPa; modulus of elasticity (MOE) = 13.5 GPa; hardness = 6 kN; shear strength = 1.2 MPa. For moisture content (MC), the maximum value was 10.4%. The technical information from this study can be adopted as a basis in the formulation of a national standard for E-bamboo particularly for floor tiles.
Interest in raw material substitutes to traditional timber has been heightened due to recent total log ban by the Philippine government, increasing population and demand for forest-based products in the country. Bamboo’s characteristics such as fast growth, short harvesting period and strong regeneration make it ideal material to replace wood. . . . . .
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