Medically Important Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Identified in Rural Barangay Binubusan, Lian, Batangas Province, Philippines


Anna Theresa A. Santiago1 and Florencia G. Claveria2,3

1Department of Biology, College of Arts and Sciences,
University of the Philippines Manila, Padre Faura St., Manila, Philippines
2Biology Department, College of Science, De La Salle University,
Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines
3Center for Natural Science and Ecological Research, College of Science,
De La Salle University-Manila, Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines

corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Larval mosquito collection was performed in Barangay Binubusan, Lian Municipality, Batangas Province during the last quarter of 2008 from October to December to determine the mosquito populations present in the area. Mosquito larvae were collected from various habitats, namely: rice paddy, sunny pond, open residential canal, shaded pond, and abandoned tire. A dichotomous key was devised for the identification of local mosquito fauna. A total of 1,128 mosquito larvae were collected during the study period, comprising 958 (84.93%) Culex, 125 (11.08%) Aedes, and 45 (3.99%) Anopheles. The highest larval collection was recorded in November consisting of 100% Culex spp. Five Culex species were identified: Culex quinquefasciatus (51.86%), Culex vishnui (14.0%), Culex tritaeniorhynchus (9.84%), Culex whitmorei (8.78%) and the first reported presence of Culex mimeticus (0.53%) in the country. Aedes species were represented by Aedes vexans (5.94%), Aedes aegypti (4.34%), and Aedes niveus (0.80%). Anopheline mosquitoes were represented only by Anopheles flavoristris (3.99%). Of the species identified, only Ae. aegypti and An. flavirostris have been documented of public health importance in the country.



A total of 279 species, subspecies, and varieties of mosquitoes are known to be present in the Philippines including members which are considered vectors of viral and parasitic infections of public health importance (Cagampang-Ramos et al. 1985). The archipelagic nature of the Philippine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .





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