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New Record of Potential Cyanobacteria from Indian Region Falling Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspots (North-East Region of India) and Partial Characterization for Value Additions

 

Ojit Singh K, Gunapati Oinam, and Tiwari ON*

Microbial Bioprospecting Laboratory, Microbial Resources Divsion
Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development
(An autonomous Institute under the DBT, Gov't. of India)
Takyelpat, Imphal-795001, Manipur, India

corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

ABSTRACT

Cyanobacteria are prokaryotic organisms capable of oxygenic photosynthesis. They appeared to be a rich source for many useful products and are known to produce a number of bioactive compounds. The North-east region of India is a genetic treasure house of plant, animal, and microbial resources. In this study, two-hundred sixty (260) unialgal cyanobacterial isolates from Indian region falling Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspots were characterized and primarily screened. Ten (10) isolates from six genera viz-a-viz, Anabaena (03), Nostoc (01), Phormidium (03), Plectonema (01), Lyngbya (01), and Microchaete (01) were found to be useful for industrial application. Study show that in the present investigation, Phormidium tenue (Menegh.) Gomont (NEMN138) have showed ammonia content and can be used as biofertilizers. Anabaena fuellebornii Schmidle (NEMN125), Phormidium bohneri Schmidle (NEMN183), Nostoc spongiaeforme Agardh ex Born. et Flah (NEMN131) were found to be useful for production of phycobiliproteins from cyanobacteria which can be beneficial for industrial applications. All ten isolates have been deposited to the fresh water cyanobacterial and microalgal repository of IBSD, Imphal, Manipur, India (National facility created by Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, in 2009 with reference No. BT/PR 11323/PBD/26/171/2008 dated 31- 03-2009) after obtaining accession number.

 

INTRODUCTION

Cyanobacteria are prokaryotic organisms capable of oxygenic photosynthesis (Moore 1981). They appeared to be a rich source for many useful products and are known to produce a number of bioactive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

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