Immunotherapeutic Approach of Experimental Brain Tumor with a Corpuscular Antigen


Swapna Chaudhuri*1, Soven Kumar Gangopaddhyay1
Susobhan Sarkar1 and Samaresh Chaudhuri2

1Cellular & Molecular Immunology Lab, Department of Physiology
University Collage of Medicine, 244B, A.J.C. Bose Road, Kolkata – 700020
2Section of Immunology, Department of Haematology
School of Tropical Medicine, C.R. Avenue, Kolkata – 700073




Young Druckrey rats of both sexes ageing 5-10 days were injected with fractionated and acute doses of N-N’ ethylnitrosourea intraperitoneally. This required an optimum period of 6-8 months to develop brain tumor with a mean survival of 190 days. Sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) when administered (ip. 7% PCV/V, 0.5 ml) in a group of animals at the end of seventh month of ENU administration, resulted in significant increase in the mean survival time (>350 days). Studies conducted for growth kinetics pattern with proliferation index and fluorochrome (HO – 33342) uptake techniques at the tissue culture level exhibited a regulatory inhibition of the cell excised from the tumor susceptible area of brain of SRBC treated animals compared to those of untreated tumor controls. Further probe into the mechanisms involving immunological investigations at the cellular level in these animals indicated an augmented and potentiated cell mediated immune response (CMI) as evidenced by enhanced spontaneous rosette forming capacity and cytotoxic activity of lymphocytes and neutrophil (PMN) mediated phagocytosis respectively. Moreover histological studies demonstrated reversion of neoplastic glial features to normal glial features in SRBC-treated tumor bearing animals. The observations suggest that SRBC down regulates malignant growth pattern of experimental brain tumors either by an immunologically enhanced killing of tumor cells and/or by directly inhibiting the tumor growth possibly via a stimulated cytokine network.



Treatment of brain tumor presents unique challenge because of unique aspects of their biology and anatomic site, and their overall poor response to current therapeutic approaches involving surgery. . . . .





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